Inventing Dahlan’s Concept of Progressive Approach and Its Implication in Dealing with Misbehaving Students at Schools

  • Aryati Prasetyarini Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Sofyan Anif Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Harsono Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Sabar Narimo Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Mauly Halwat Hikmat Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
Keywords: humanism, progressive, misbehaving students, critical, reflective


In the efforts to set the society free from oppression, ignorance and misery, KH Ahmad Dahlan who established Muhammadiyah, made efforts through humanistic approach based on the main mission of prophet Muhammad: to provide mercy and kindness to all humans and nature. This article aims to explore the efforts applied by KH Ahmad Dahlan in educating his students and its implications in recent education to resolve the issues at schools. This article is the result of research with analytic descriptive approach in which the data were collected through library research of articles on journals, manuscripts, magazines, and literature books about KH Ahmad Dahlan. The data were analyzed in analytic descriptive, which is throug: finding pattern or theme, finding scientific relation among the thoughts of figures, classifying the thoughts of figures, concluding those thoughts, then formulizing the results in order to generalize the thoughts of KH Ahmad Dahlan. Based on the analysis, the research found that KH Ahmad Dahlan applied progressive approach in educating the misbehaving students. The education was carried out by training the students’ inner sensitivity (empathy), without violence (patience, sincerity), by listening to students’ voice, teaching with fun methods, and by encouraging students to think critically and reflectively.